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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-39

Pattern and frequency of periodontal referral by general dentists and other specialists in Davangere city


1 Private Practitioner, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Periodontology, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rucha Shah
Department of Periodontology, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere - 577 004, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijohs.ijohs_39_20

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Introduction: The present cross-sectional survey study conducted to assess the type of periodontal treatments being done by dental practitioners or specialist other than periodontists and to assess the types and frequency of cases being referred to the Periodontist in the city of Davangere, Karnataka state. Materials and Methods: The proposed study was carried out by asking various dental practitioners other than periodontists to fill a structured questionnaire containing 7 questions focusing on several clinical and nonclinical periodontal scenarios, whether they would treat the patient in the office or refer/consult to a periodontist. A population of 64 was studied which comprised of 31 general dentists, 33 specialists and obtained data were then subjected to analysis. Results: Most of the private practitioners (82.8%, 53/64) carry out nonsurgical periodontal therapy in their clinics. Among the surgical periodontal procedures, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty are the most commonly performed (40.65, 26/64) surgical periodontal therapy. Around 71.9% (46/64) of practitioners refer or consult their periodontists for the surgical periodontal procedures. Flap surgery is the most commonly performed procedure by the periodontist. The frequency of referring or consulting periodontist is more among dental specialists (P = 0.03). Majority of practitioners, i.e., 65.6% (42/64) feel that there are few patients with periodontal disease who get motivated for periodontal treatment whereas 42.2% (27/64) believe that cost-effectiveness of the periodontal treatment is responsible for such referral pattern. Conclusion: It was concluded that our survey study shows that most of the dental practitioners in Davangere city carry out non-surgical periodontal therapy in their clinic and more than half of the dental practitioners refer or consult to their periodontists for surgical periodontal therapy. However, the frequency of referring or consulting the periodontist is low.


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