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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109-113

Antibiotic prescription pattern among dentists in Imphal city of North East India: A cross-sectional survey study

1 Department of Periodontology, Dental College, JNIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dental College, JNIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India
3 Department of Periodontology, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Science and Hospital, RGUHS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Department of ENT, Shija Academy Of Health Science, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bebika Devi Thoudam
Department of Periodontology, Dental College, JNIMS, Imphal East - 795 005, Manipur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijohs.ijohs_24_21

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Background: Antibiotics are a subject of intensive abuse due to overprescription and also administration for inappropriate reasons. In India, some studies have reported the use and abuse of antibiotic therapy and their consequential impact on antibiotic resistance. However, there has been no study yet on the use of antibiotics among dentists in North East India. Objective: To determine the rationale and prescription pattern of antibiotics among dentists of Imphal city in North East India. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used. The questionnaire consisted of demographic data and comprised questions related to the use of antibiotics for various dental procedures and in certain clinical situations. Results: The results of this survey indicate that there is wide spectrum of antibiotics prescribed by dentists in Imphal city. Amoxicillin was clearly the choice of antibiotic among dentists. Although the dentists handpicked antibiotics based on its efficacy and side effects, at certain places these drugs were overtly used. Majority of the respondents thought that antibiotic sensitivity tests would help them choose the right antibiotic. Conclusion: The prescription pattern for antibiotics was inconsistent and at times inappropriate. A standard guideline needs to be formulated according to the population for prescribing antibiotics; because when used judiciously antibiotics are lifesaving.

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